Understand ethical hacking

Ethical hacking (also known as penetration testing) is a simulated cyber-attack to exploit the vulnerabilities in a network and the systems. It locates the vulnerabilities, then attempts to exploit them.

A person conducting ethical hacking can attempt a breach of applications, protocols, Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), servers, firewalls, and anything else that can be exploited on a network. The core intent is to discover the vulnerabilities before an attacker from the outside, then exploit them to simulate the damage that could be caused. Ethical hacking Permissions are the key distinction between hacking and ethical hacking. When an unauthorised source gains access to a computer or network, generally for harmful purposes, it is called hacking. A person or an organisation may allow ethical hacking to investigate potential security holes in a network or system.


A person who engages in ethical hacking is referred to as an ethical hacker, and they may be hired or outsourced by a company to assist in enhancing their security. The data ethical hackers have access to is protected from exploitation and disclosure to other parties by working within the confines of the law (unless directed by the organization). The ethical hacker will provide the company with advice on how to fix the vulnerabilities after identifying them, hence preventing assaults. For instance, your company has created a brand-new Web application for a school. You are required to evaluate the web application and look any weaknesses.

The programme turns out to be vulnerable to SQL Injection attacks when you test (hack) it. If you hadn't cracked this programme and discovered the flaw to patch, a hacker may have done it, putting the data at risk.

What should be protected:

An ethical hacker must protect the following while at work: The information you possess and are aware of must be kept confidential. It is now your obligation to make sure the data doesn't end up in the wrong hands. With the proper permissions and encryption, you can safeguard the data. If these are not followed, there is a danger that the information may be disclosed, giving an unauthorised individual access. Integrity: Preserve the data's original format and forbid any illegal alterations. Accessibility: Make sure the data is accessible to those who need it. The data may be lost if this isn't done.


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